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To the study of conventual health in the beginning of 19th century: the pharmacies

Keywords: 19th century , Pharmacy , Religious Houses , Material Culture , Pharmacopoeias , Século XIX , Boticas , Casas Religiosas , Cultura Material , Farmacopéias

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Abstract:

The institution Junta do Exame do Estado Actual e Melhoramento Temporal das Ordens Regulares (Examination Council for the Actual State and Temporal Improvement of the Religious Orders) was created in November of 1789. Among other things, each Religious House should inform that institution about its heritage either the movables and the landed estates. The inventorying included all the goods belonging to wards and drugstores. In this paper we aim to study those places using records obtained from a variety of Religious Houses with no regional or Religious Order preferences. We will try to give answers to questions related to that spaces such as: “Which objects could be found inside the Houses?”; “Were they prorperly equiped?” and “Were there big differences between them in what concerns Religious Orders and Houses locations?” [pt] Em Novembro de 1789 foi criada a Junta do Exame do Estado Actual e Melhoramento Temporal das Ordens Regulares. Entre outros aspectos cada casa religiosa devia dar a conhecer à Institui o o seu património móvel e imóvel. De entre os bens inventariados contavam-se os pertencentes às enfermarias e boticas. No presente artigo pretendemos estudar estes espa os recorrendo a registos de uma série de casas religiosas escolhidas sem preferência regional ou Ordem religiosa. Tentaremos responder a quest es tais como: quais os objetos que formavam estes espa os, se estariam bem apetrechados e ainda se existiriam grandes diferen as consoante Ordem religiosa e localiza o da Casa.

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