Toxocara canis is a helminth that is frequently in the canine and it causes a zoonotic illness called toxocariosis that can affect human beings mainly to the children. Some factors of risk associated to the environmental and socio-cultural conditions predisposing the presence of this parasitosis in the population. With the objective of etermining the infection for T. canis and the factors of risk associated to this infection in children, it was carried out the present investigation under the eld modality and descriptive, having as environment the Agua Azul community, located in the Yaracuy state. A survey was applied to the 26 families that integrate it and it were took samples of blood to the 27 children that conformed the infantile population, samples of stool to the 35 existent canine mascots andsamples of oor in 11 patios of the community. The obtained results were: infection rate for T. canis in the infantile population of 25, 9%; 25, 7% of the canines was also positive to this parasite and 81, 8% of the examined patios they were contaminated by eggs of the nematode. For statistical analysis we used the SPSS 15.0, using ates, frequencies and percentages. Risk factors associated with this parasitosis were geophagy, contamination Decanato de Ciencias de la Salud. Universidad Centroccidental “Lisandro Alvarado” (UCLA)of yards and contact with canine, determined by relative risk. T. canis turned out to be an infectious agent in children of the Agua Azul community.