The discussion in this paper turns around the causes, impacts and unfolding of two very meaningful events that took place during the initial period of the Brazilian Republic, in the first decade of the 20th century. These events, whose historiographical production is considerably heterogeneous, were called the Vaccine Insurrection (1904) and the Whip Insurrection (1910). The discussion focus on the analysis of song lyrics composed in the epoch or in subsequent periods. Five lyrics are analyzed: three about the Vaccine Insurrection and two about the Whip Insurrection. The songs about the first insurrection are: Rat, rat (1904); Yellow Fever (1907) and Compulsory Vaccination (1904). The ones about the second insurrection are: The claimers (1910) and The master of ceremonies of the sea (1975).