In a developing economy, like the one of Romania, frequent changes take place in all areas, including the banking market. The Romanian banking environment is frequently influenced by various factors. The article shows the changes that have taken place in the Romanian banking market during the period 2007-2010 as a consequence of these factors. The research consisted in presenting the most important political, economical, social and technological factors which have influenced the banking market after Romania’s integration to the European Union. Based on the analysis of these factors’ influence, I have presented the developing manner of the Romanian banking market after joining the European Union, but also the problems faced in the context of the current global crisis.