全部 标题 作者
关键词 摘要


MORPHOLOGICAL AND THERMAL PROPERTIES OF MAIZE STARCH

Keywords: swelling power , specific surface area , gelatinization

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib

Abstract:

Maize, rice, wheat and potato are the main sources of starches which differ significantly in composition, morphology,thermal, rheological and retrogradation properties. Starch has unique thermal properties and functionality that havepermitted its wide use in food products and industrial applications.The structure of the starch granule results from the physical arrangement of amylose and amylopectin. Amylose contentof starches from different maize types ranged between 15.3% and 25.1%. Amylopectin is considered responsible for thecrystalline structure of starch granules.The morphological and physicochemical characteristics of maize starch are related to the enzymes involved in itsbiosynthesis.The surface of the starch granule plays a fundamental r le as the first barrier to processes such as granule hydration,enzyme attack, and chemical reaction with modifying agents. Major parameters describing the solid surface are:specific surface area, total pore volume, mean pore radius (diameter) and pore volume distribution in relation to poreradius (diameter).

Full-Text

comments powered by Disqus