Before the Industrial Revolution production systems comprised a cycle in which the waste was produced and absorbed by the environment. With the uncontrolled growth of cities and the increase of the population was a major consequence of the increased production of waste. There was, thus, waste management that aims to manage, in an organized and consistent, both the handling and disposal of such wastes in the environment. This study aimed to develop a method of analysis of urban solid waste management in cities, and the consolidation of the method was taken as case study the issue in the municipality of Paripiranga, State of Bahia. The proposed analysis refers to the dimensions of sustainability, but also from a model SWOT analysis showing strengths, weaknesses, threats and opportunities in waste management in the municipality of Paripiranga. The methodology used was based on research relevant literature, and through field interviews with municipal and popular. The main results show that the waste management Paripiranga is far from being considered an ideal model to the point that people are uninformed and uninterested in the subject. The government only uses the landfill as a model of waste management. Public policies under Participative Master Plan should be put into practice, and several gaps related to popular participation must be completed.