While wind power (WP) is a popular research issue in vigorously promoting green energy era, the research of the utilization of wind energy based on Antarctic moving platforms is still rarely involved. In this study, a kind of rotor for Vertical Axis Wind Turbine (VAWTs) was introduced which is first equipped on a moving platform for Antarctic’s exploring. The fluid simulation software Fluent was used to analyze and compare the performance of four different airfoil shape of wind turbine. To reduce the number of times of simulation and trial effectively, the uniform optimal design method was adopt to optimize the parameters of the radius of rotor, blades number, blade chord length and blade installation angle and the values of various parameters of the wind rotor and the efficiency of wind power affected by the complex influence of the four factors were obtained. Finally, the wind hub structure and materials were analyzed with ANSYS software and by the static and modal analysis, the reliability of the wind turbine in strong wind was verified which laid the foundation for the producing of wind turbine with higher efficiency in the future.