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HYPERTENSION IN PERSONNEL FROM UNIVERSIDAD ESTATAL A DISTANCIA IN COSTA RICA

Keywords: Hypertension , outpatient service , distance education , university personnel , Costa Rica

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Abstract:

The prevalence of Arterial Hypertension (AHT) has increased worldwide and preventive measures are insufficient since only one third of the population is being treated. AHT is the primary cause of morbidity and mortality in the world. In this article is presented the first study on hypertension levels of personnel of a Distance Education university based on the analysis of all medical consultations in the Costa Rican State University for Distance Education (Universidad Estatal a Distancia-UNED) as of December 15, 2007 (1,526 medical files). The population studied ranges from 20 to 70 years of age and is comprised of residents of the Greater Metropolitan Area (Costa Rica) with varied socioeconomic and academic levels. The Statgraphics Centurion XV software and the chi-square test were used to analyze variables such as treatment administered, sex, age, and type of work. Only 45 patients knew that they suffered from hypertension prior to their consultation with the university medical service and 136 were treated with Enalapril and Hydrochlorothiazide. The number of hypertensive patients is higher among those who have worked at the institution for more than 20 years, especially in those holding higher positions. No marked differences were found between men and women. It is concluded that the existence of a university medical service has permitted faculty and staff to satisfactorily control their blood pressure.

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