Introduction: the first birth is an event in the life of people and therefore in their development process. The implications that stem from changes arising on many different levels require a variety of parental responses. This makes studying the problems of parents in the care of infants during the first months of life a relevant issue. Objective: to determine the socio-demographic characteristics of parents with a one month old child and to identify the difficulties parents face in caring for their infants during the first months of life. Materials and methods: cross-sectional study, experimental, descriptive, with a non probabilistic sample of 88 parents. A questionnaire was applied in two parts, the first consisting of a socio-demographic and obstetrical configuration. The second part was applied to determine the difficulties of parents in the care of infants during the first months of life. Results and discussion: the study identifies and describes the difficulties experienced by parents in the care of newborns. It is essential to know the problems of parents during the first months of life of their infants in order to promote better adaptation strategies for their new roles and to develop better parenting skills.