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AN ASSESSMENT ON UPPER KARABAKH ISSUE AND TURKEY-ARMENIA RELATIONS YUKARI KARABA SORUNU VE TüRK YE-ERMEN STAN L K LER üZER NE B R DE ERLEND RME

Keywords: Upper Karabakh , Azerbaijan , Turkey , Armenia , OSCE Minsk Group Yukar Karaba , Azerbaycan , Türkiye , Ermenistan , AG T Minsk Grubu.

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Abstract:

The Upper Karabakh issue has been one of the most important issues affecting stability in Caucasia after the fall of Soviets. In Karabakh which is a historical Turkish native country, Armenians were placed as from the Russia of Tsarizm and a region where the Armenians have a high population was created within the Azerbaijan lands. This field which is a mountainous region located in the upper parts of Karabakh is called Upper Karabakh or Nagorno- Karabakh. Due to the activities of Armenians settling in the region, conflicts started to happen as of the 19th Century and when came to 20th Century, these conflicts confronted us as a serious issue. During the fall of Soviets that have continued the population policies of the Russia of Tsarizm, the conflicts in Azerbaijan lands awaked again. In Upper Karabakh issue, Turkey has been seen as an important actor that would affect the process because of its historical and cultural bonds with Azerbaijan and also being a border neighbour to the region. While its military intervention in the region was discussed at the process when conflicts were experienced, Turkey has followed a more cautious policy and made efforts for solving the problem through peaceful ways at an international platform. Turkey, which is among the countries first recognizing the independencies of Azerbaijan and Armenia, has given importance to the Upper Karabakh issue in its relations with these countries. Being on the side of Azerbaijan, Turkey has closed the border of Armenia as a sanction. Within this scope, the relations started with Armenia were broken in a short time. And the steps taken towards normalizing the relations recently didn’t give any positive results due to the historical problems with Armenia and the continuation of occupancy in Azerbaijan lands. Yukar Karaba sorunu, Sovyetlerin kü ünden sonra Kafkasya’daki istikrar etkileyen sorunlar n ba nda yer almaktad r. Tarihi bir Türk yurdu olan Karaba ’a arl k Rusyas d neminden itibaren Ermeniler yerle tirilerek Azerbaycan topraklar i inde Ermenilerin yo unlukta oldu u bir b lge olu turulmu tur. Karaba ’ n üst k s mlar ndaki da l k bir yer olan bu b lge; Yukar Karaba veya Da l k Karaba olarak adland r lmaktad r. B lgeye yerle en Ermenilerin faaliyetleri nedeniyle 19. yüzy ldan itibaren at malar ya anmaya ba lam , 20. as rda ise bu at malar ciddi bir sorun olarak kar m za km t r. arl k Rusyas ’n n nüfus politikalar n devam ettiren Sovyetlerin kü ü s ras nda Azerbaycan topraklar ndaki at malar tekrar canlanm t r. Yukar Karaba meselesinde Türkiye hem Azerbayca

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