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GEOGRAPHICAL DESCRIPTION OF THE 2 ND DISTRICT OF BUCHAREST

Keywords: tabular plain , loess , geomorphologic process , anthropic relief , biotic coating , artificial topographic soil.

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Abstract:

Located in the north-east of Bucharest, with a population of approx. 400,000 inhabitants, the current territory of the 2nd district was once part of Vl siei forests, crossed by the river Colentina. It is a tabular plain, with low declivity on NW-SE direction the only major bumps are determined leading to the terrace Colentina, tablelands and anthropic relief. The Colentina Plain covers 36% of the Bucharest Municipality and it is characterized by altitudes that vary between 88.9 m in the Free Press Square and 55m at C telu. Field overlap Otopeni Bucharest north (northern district Colentina, B neasa, Pipera) is characterized by altitudes of 85-90 m, by fragmentation of 0.5 km/square km relief, through a high frequency tablelands and growth of local slopes (common values of 10 degrees). The 2nd district is on the second place in terms of total area of green spaces (4,187,000 square meters) with an index of area of green space per capita of 13.6 square meters per head, but uneven distributed in the sector. The vegetation of 2nd district is represented in particular by vegetation in parks (Circus’ Park, Plumbuita, Morarilor, Tei), gardens and green spaces in housing blocks. Valleys are cut into loess are generally steep sides with intense phenomena of warping and biogenic mineral presents meadows, sometimes covered by lakes or swamps. The largest lakes of the valley, made by dams are located on Colentina river. Geomorphologic defining characteristics are the result of the action of erosion, transportation and deposition on the lower course of the Dambovi a river. Altimetry and the average curve in the same time the capital is 80 m.

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