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O elemento voluntarista na sociologia de Talcott Parsons = The voluntarist element in Talcott Parsons's sociology

Keywords: sociologia parsoniana , voluntarismo , indivíduo , parsonian sociology , voluntarism , individual

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Abstract:

O artigo discute as principais contribui es de Talcott Parsons para opensamento sociológico contemporaneo, destacando as significativas diferen as existentes entre o seu estrutural-funcionalismo e as abordagens clássicas eur opéias do século XIX. Pretende-se argumentar que, diferentemente das abordagens funcionalistas tradicionais, como a de émile Durkheim, a sociologia estrutural-funcionalista parsoniana introduz um importante elemento voluntarista que rompe com a rígida determina o da estrutura sobre as individualidades na constitui o do social . This article discusses Talcott Parsons's main co ntributions for the contemporary sociological thought, emphasizing the significant differences between structural -functionalism and the Europeanclassical approaches of the XIX century. The aim is to argue that, differently from the classical functionalist approaches, such as the one of Emile Durkheim, the parsonian structural - functionalism sociology introduces an important voluntarist element that breaks the rigid determination of the structure upon the individualities in the constitution of the social.

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