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TUAN GURU: THE CAPE MUSLIM PHILOSOPHY EDUCATION SYSTEM

Keywords: Cape Muslim , Philosophy Education System , Ash’ari , islamic development

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Abstract:

Tuan Guru Imam Abdullah ibn Qadhi Abd al-Salam is the Scholar of Islam who had an important role on the Islamicdevelopment in South Africa. He comes from Tidore (North Maluku) who exiled to the Cape in 1780 by the DutchColonial becouse of his oppsite to Dutch Colonial’s policy of monopoly, slavery, and forced labour. While in prison onhis exiled at the Cape Town, he completed a number of magnum opus, i.e. Ma”rifah al-Islam wa al-Iman, a manuscriptcontain with qalam (Word of God), tauhid (Ones of God), and fiqh (Study of laws partaining to ritual obligation). Afterhis bandaging, he establish a madrasah to educate the slaves and free blacks of the Cape who had become Muslim. TheMuslim education in the Cape bassed on the Ash’ari concepts of takdir, iradah, taqwah, iktisab, qadha and qadhar.Thes concept had make as a basic in formation of muslim personality.

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