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DISTINCTIVE [VOICE] DOES NOT IMPLY REGRESSIVE ASSIMILATION:EVIDENCE FROM SWEDISH

DOI: 10.6018/ijes.4.2.47981

Keywords: Distinctive Features , Laryngeal Features , Optimality Theory , Prevoicing , Regressive Assimilation , [spread glottis] , Swedish , [voice] , Voice Assimilation.

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Abstract:

In a recent paper, van Rooy & Wissing (2001) distinguish between the "broad interpretation" and the "narrow interpretation" of the feature [voice]. According to the broad interpretation, languages with a two way [voice] contrast may implement this contrast phonetically with any two of the following: voice onset precedes plosive release (prevoicing), voice onset immediately follows plosive release, voice onset substantially lags behind plosive release. According to the narrow interpretation, [voice] is employed only in languages with prevoicing in word-intial stops. According to van Rooy & Wissing, languages with prevoicing always have only regressive voice assimilation. The purpose of this paper is twofold: First we show that Swedish employs the feature [voice] on the narrow interpretation, but does not have regressive voice assimilation. Second, we present an OT account of the Swedish data which involves both features [voice] and [spread glottis].

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