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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Growth

Keywords: Stimulant Medication , Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder , Short Stature , Growth

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Abstract:

Objective: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neuropsychiatric syndrome of childhood and adolescence in which stimulant medications are used to treat it. The evidence clearly indicates a temporary retardation in the rate of growth in weight and stature, with no effect on adult height. Case Presentation: In this article we present a case with ADHD on stimulant therapy that had a catch up growth after the discontinuation of therapy, then review the literature on possible growth, and suppressing effects of these medications in the long term treatment. Conclusion: Most of the previous studies suggest that the stimulant-associated height deficits in ADHD are temporary and early manifestation of ADHD itself and not complication of therapy, and the small risk of lost centimeters may be a price worth paying for many children to gain improved learning and social function.

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