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Fluctuations in the skeletal muscle power-velocity relationship and interferon-γ after a muscle-damaging event in humans

DOI: 10.1186/2046-7648-1-6

Keywords: Muscle damage, Interferon-γ, Stretch-shortening contractions

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Abstract:

Nine healthy males participated in this study. Each subject had one leg randomly assigned as the control leg. The other leg served as the treatment leg and performed an intense-stretch-shortening cycling (SSC) exercise protocol to induce muscle damage. To measure muscle damage and the power-velocity relationship, unilateral peak isometric force and power output (forces and velocities) measurements were performed prior to, immediately after, and during the days following the SSC protocol. The circulating IFN-γ concentrations were measured in serum samples obtained prior to, immediately after, and during the days following the SSC protocol. Statistical significance of single-leg isometric force and power output data were assessed using a two-way (time and leg treatment) analysis of variance (ANOVA) with repeated measures, followed by a Tukey’s honestly significant difference (HSD) to test multiple pairwise comparisons. The statistical significance of the IFN-γ data were assessed using a one-way (time) ANOVA with repeated measures, followed by a Tukey’s HSD to test multiple pairwise comparisons.In the treatment leg, significant (P < 0.05) peak isometric force deficits occurred immediately and persisted several days after the SSC protocol, thereby identifying muscle damage-induced weakness. During muscle weakness in the treatment leg, peak power was significantly (P < 0.05) depressed and the velocities at peak power were significantly (P < 0.05) slower. Interestingly, circulating IFN-γ concentrations decreased at 2 and 3 days after compared to those immediately following the SSC protocol.We conclude that the velocity to achieve a compromised peak power is reduced, and speculatively, the circulating IFN-γ excursion could be influential on the recovery of skeletal muscle after a muscle-damaging event in humans.Skeletal muscle power is an important determinant of human locomotion. Skeletal muscle power production is velocity-dependent, and therefore, should be interpreted

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