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Analysis of 777 cases with obstruction of the ureter or extrahepatic bile duct by ultrasonography after normal saline retention enema

DOI: 10.1186/2036-7902-4-6

Keywords: ultrasound, ureteral obstruction, extrahepatic bile duct obstruction, normal saline retention enema

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Abstract:

The normal saline retention enema method, that is, using normal saline-filled colons to gain acoustic access to the bilateral ureters and extrahepatic bile duct and detecting the lesions with transabdominal ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus, was applied to 777 patients with obstructive lesions, including 603 with hydroureter and 174 with dilated common bile duct, which were not visualized by conventional ultrasonography. The follow-up data of all the patients were collected to verify the results obtained by this method.Of the 755 patients who successfully finished the examination after normal saline retention enema (the success rate of the enema is about 98%), the nature of obstruction in 718 patients was determined (the visualizing rate is approximately 95%), including 533 with ureteral calculus, 23 with ureteral stricture, 129 with extrahepatic bile duct calculus, and 33 with common bile duct tumor.Colons filled fully with normal saline can surely give acoustic access to the bilateral ureters and extrahepatic bile duct so as to determine the nature of obstruction of these structures when conventional transabdominal ultrasound fails.Obstructive diseases of the ureters and extrahepatic bile duct caused by lithiasis, cancer, stricture, etc. are commonly encountered in the clinical setting, and their diagnosis mainly relies on imaging, such as X-ray contrast radiography, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and ultrasonography. Though CT and MRI are more convenient in getting reliable diagnostic results, there are some disadvantages such as much higher cost and higher risks caused by the ionizing radiation of CT and the strong magnetic field of an MRI scanner [1,2]. However, ultrasound is commonly available, inexpensive to operate, and has no risk from radiation exposure or strong magnetic field, so it is commonly used as a diagnostic tool in patients with obstructive diseases of the urinary system or extrahepatic bile duct [3].The disadvantage is

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