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Critical Care  2008 

Hypothermia and cardiac arrest: the promise of intra-arrest cooling

DOI: 10.1186/cc6845

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Abstract:

In the previous issue of Critical Care, Bruel and colleagues report findings from a small, prospective, observational study in which they investigate the feasibility, efficacy and safety of intra-arrest therapeutic hypothermia (TH) for victims of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) [1]. From an initial pool of 412 cardiac arrest victims, the study enrolled 33 patients with a variety of presenting rhythms. This represents the first study of its kind to investigate the feasibility of intra-arrest cooling in the clinical setting, an approach that has shown significant promise in animal models of cardiac arrest and brain injury [2-4].Sudden cardiac arrest, defined as the abrupt loss of mechanical cardiac activity and concomitant global loss of blood flow, is a leading cause of death in the United States and Europe. Approximately 200,000 people suffer OHCA in the United States each year, and over 90% will succumb during resuscitation efforts or during subsequent hospitalization [5,6]. Survival to hospital discharge depends on a number of factors, including prompt delivery of cardiopulmonary resuscitation and defibrillation when indicated, the initial cardiac rhythm of arrest, and the quality of post-resuscitation care including provision of TH.Despite the significant effort that has been invested in this field, few therapeutic or pharmacologic interventions have yielded meaningful increases in overall survival from OHCA over the past 20 years [6,7]. The relatively new and evolving treatment modality of TH, however, has been associated with markedly decreased mortality and neurologic injury among patients who initially survive OHCA [8,9].TH reduces both the cerebral metabolic rate and oxygen demand, and it is thought to attenuate reperfusion injury, global inflammation and endothelial dysfunction – all consequences of cerebral and other organ ischemia [10,11]. Through such mechanisms, TH is thought to improve clinical parameters and outcomes. Two landmark multicenter ra

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