全部 标题 作者
关键词 摘要


Localization of sesquiterpene formation and emission in maize leaves after herbivore damage

DOI: 10.1186/1471-2229-13-15

Keywords: Zea mays L., Poaceae, Maize, Sesquiterpenes, Volatiles, Terpene biosynthesis, Terpene synthase, Herbivore-induced terpene formation, Jasmonic acid, Solid-phase microextraction (SPME)

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib

Abstract:

In this study, we restricted herbivore feeding to small sections of the maize leaf with the aim of determining the patterns of volatile sesquiterpene emission throughout the damaged leaf and in neighboring leaves. Sesquiterpene volatiles were released at high rates from damaged leaves, but at much lower rates from neighboring leaves. Release was restricted to the site of damage or to leaf sections located apical to the damage, but was not seen in sections basal to the damage or on the other side of the midrib. The emission pattern correlated well with the transcript pattern of the respective sesquiterpene synthase genes, tps10 and tps23, implying that biosynthesis likely occurs at the site of emission. The concentrations of jasmonic acid and its leucine derivative were also elevated in terpene-emitting tissues suggesting a role for jasmonates in propagating the damage signal.In contrast to other defense reactions which often occur systemically throughout the whole plant, herbivore-induced sesquiterpene production in maize is restricted to the wounding site and distal leaf parts. Since the signal mediating this reaction is directed to the leaf tip and cannot propagate parallel to the leaf axis, it is likely connected to the xylem. The increasing gradient of volatiles from the tip of the leaf towards the damage site might aid herbivore enemies in host or prey finding.The emission of volatiles by plants allows them to interact with other organisms at a distance. For example, many plant species emit floral volatiles which have diverse functions in pollinator attraction and repulsion [1]. Volatiles are also released from vegetative plant organs, especially after herbivore damage. Vegetative volatiles can function as attractants for enemies of herbivores [2] and have been suggested to serve as direct defenses against herbivores [2], as defenses against pathogens [3], as protectants against abiotic stress, and as signals in intra- and inter-plant communication [4]. However

Full-Text

comments powered by Disqus