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Cost-effectiveness of injury prevention - a systematic review of municipality based interventions

DOI: 10.1186/1478-7547-8-17

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Abstract:

A search strategy was developed to focus a literature search in PubMed, Embase, Cochrane and NHS EED. Studies were eligible for inclusion if they were economic evaluations of injury prevention interventions that could be implemented by municipalities; had a relevant comparison group; did not include any form of medication or drug use; and were assessed as having at least an acceptable quality from an economic point of view. Articles were screened in three steps. In the final step, studies were critically appraised using a check-list based on Drummond's check-list for assessing economic evaluations.Of 791 potential articles 20 were accepted for inclusion. Seven studies showed net savings; four showed a cost per health score gained; six showed both savings and a cost per health score gained but for different time horizons and populations; and three showed no effect. The interventions targeted a range of areas such as traffic safety, fire safety, hip fractures, and sport injuries. One studied a multi-targeted community-based program. Only six articles used effectiveness data generated within the study.The results indicate that there are injury prevention interventions that offer good use of societal resources. However, there is a lack of economic evidence surrounding injury prevention interventions. This lack of evidence needs to be met by further research about the economic aspects of injury prevention interventions to improve the information available for decision-making.Injuries are a major cause of morbidity and mortality and result in great costs to society. Annually more than five million people worldwide are killed due to injuries, which account for 9% of global mortality. Even more people are temporary or permanent disabled [1]. It is also estimated that injuries account for 14% of global life years lost when using the measure Years of Life Lost [2]. Injury prevention interventions could mitigate the impact of injuries on health, and at the moment a research pr

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