In the present paper notch loaded shorted microstrip patch antenna has been analysed using cavity model. The proposed antenna shows dual band operation which depends on notch dimensions as well as shorting wall. The frequency ratio is found to be 1.5278 for the notch loaded rectangular patch, while in notch loaded shorted patch, the frequency ratio varies from 2.9764 to 2.725 for increasing value of notch width and it is almost invariant with notch depth. Further a slot loaded shorted patch antenna shows the dual frequency nature with the frequency ratio1.7. The theoretical results are compared with IE3D simulation as well as reported experimental results.