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INFLUENCES OF CASTING SPEED AND SEN DEPTH ON FLUID FLOW IN THE FUNNEL TYPE MOLD OF A THIN SLAB CASTER

Keywords: continuous casting,thin slab,submerged entry nozzle (SEN),numerical analysis,funnel type mold,standard k-ε model,RNG (renormalization group) k-ε model,THIN SLAB,MOLD,TYPE,FLUID FLOW,DEPTH,CASTING SPEED,stage,casting process,electromagnetic brake,melt,meniscus,recirculation,region,flow characteristics,jet impingement,narrow,side,different,fluid,like
铸造速度
,结晶器,铸模,薄板层

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Abstract:

In recent years, thin slab continuous casting technology has been widely used to improve the quality of the product and to reduce the cost. One of the challenges faced by this technology is to design reasonable flow patterns, which strongly affect the surface and inner properties of the final slab in the mold. With the fixed scales and complex geometrical structures of nozzle and funnel type mold,a series of numerical simulations are made to analyze the flow patterns in melt steel using finite volume method based on structured body fitted coordinate grids. The CFD (computational fluid dynamics) package is validated first using one typical case described in previously published studies,and then it is developed to study the effect of operational parameters on fluid flow in thin slab caster.Two operational parameters, casting speed and SEN (submerged entry nozzle) depth, are mainly considered for numerical analysis. On the basis of present simulations, the reasonable SEN submergence depths corresponding to different casting speeds are suggested according to fluid flow characteristics like, flow jet impingement on the narrow side of the mold, flow speed of the melt steel beneath the meniscus and the recirculation region. This is the first stage of study on the numerical analysis of the whole thin slab casting process with electromagnetic brake.

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