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环境科学  2004 

Effect of Monocalcium Phosphate and Potassium Chloride on Nitrogen Leaching in Paddy Soil
磷酸二氢钙和氯化钾对乌栅土氮素淋失的影响

Keywords: leaching,nitrogen,monocalcium phosphate,potassium chloride,urea
淋失
,,Ca(H2PO4)2,KCl,尿素

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Abstract:

In this article, influence of monocalcium phosphate and potassium chloride application on nitrogen leaching in paddy soil of Taihu region was studied by soil column leaching. The results showed that nitrate nitrogen was the main component of nitrogen leaching without urea application which accounts for 93.39 percent of total nitrogen leaching(including urea, ammonium, and nitrate nitrogen). Amounts of urea, ammonium, and nitrate nitrogen in leachates increased significantly after urea application which account for 3.95, 15.25, and 80.80 percent of total nitrogen leaching respectively and for 0.26, 0.80, and 2.54 percent of applied nitrogen respectively. Amounts of urea, ammonium, and nitrate nitrogen in leachates were enhanced prominently by monocalcium phosphate or potassium chloride which are 4.54, 24.11, 71.34, and 3.45, 24.53, 72.02 percent of total nitrogen leaching respectively, and which are 0.39, 1.86, 3.34, and 0.32, 2.12, 4.06 percent of applied nitrogen separately. There is interactive influence on nitrogen leaching after application of monocalcium phosphate and potassium chloride together, and amounts of urea, ammonium, and nitrate nitrogen were 4.10, 27.35, and 68.55 percent of total nitrogen leaching, and 0.42, 2.60, and 4.26 percent of total applied nitrogen respectively. The leaching order of different form nitrogen followed as urea N>ammonium N>nitrate N, and leaching amounts of different form nitrogen followed as urea N

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