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Energies  2009 

Electricity Consumption and GHG Emissions in GCC Countries

DOI: 10.3390/en20401201

Keywords: atmospheric pollution, GHG emissions, electricity generation, GCC countries

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Abstract:

CO 2, N 2O, and CH 4 are the three most widespread Greenhouse Gases (GHGs). Electricity consumption and the related CO 2-equivalent gas emissions resulting from oil and gas combustion for the six countries that comprise the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf [Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), Kuwait, Bahrain, Oman, United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Qatar; also referred to as the Gulf Cooperation Council, GCC)] have been compared. The analysis of the relevant data shows that GCC countries contribute significantly to the global CO 2 emissions, and that the majority of their emissions are concentrated in the energy extraction and conversion sectors, mainly from oil drilling and electricity production. Some analysis is offered as to the reasons behind the excessive increase in the electrical demand that is obviously linked to a non-rational pattern of electricity consumption.

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