While Iran is transforming itself into a forerunner in the ICT arena, its laws must be relevant to the transition. Not only should the laws be applicable to innovations in E-commerce but they should also be on par with and sensitive to the legal developments taking place worldwide including consumer protection. Against that background, the researchers discuss the development of electronic commerce and consumer protection in Iran from the legal perspective. A question arises: whether Iran has a proper legal framework for E-commerce and consumer protection? Electronic Commerce Law 2004 and Consumer Rights Protection Act (CRPA) 2009 are the laws which inspire hopes to solve legal problems of business conduct in virtual era. The CRPA 2009, furthermore is only supplementary in nature and is not a main act and the lack of relatedness among these laws reduces their efficacy in protecting consumer rights.