This research was carried out using a descriptive-analytical method based on data from 2003 sampling of the Rural Housing in Iran, library studies, and historical documents and researches. The first part is allocated to an introduction of the necessities of considering rural housing. The second part deals with the current status of rural housing in Iran. In this part, we will discuss the current status of rural housing in Iran from four aspects, namely, fabric, accessibility to welfare facilities, the role of livelihood activities in housing, and environmental dimension at provincial levels. The final part based on the data obtained from Census 2003 and the result of a study of features of vernacular rural housing, adopting a regional approach for provision of rural housing appropriate for the condition of each province has been suggested as the most important priority and requirement in the system of housing programming.