rrelation between bullying and clinical depression in adolescent patients Review (8377) Total Article Views Authors: Kaltiala-Heino R, Fr jd S Published Date March 2011 Volume 2011:2 Pages 37 - 44 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/AHMT.S11554 Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino1, Sari Fr jd2 1University of Tampere Medical School, Tampere, Finland; 2Tampere School of Public Health, University of Tampere, Finland Abstract: A literature review of the associations between involvement in bullying and depression is presented. Many studies have demonstrated a concurrent association between involvement in bullying and depression in adolescent population samples. Not only victims but also bullies display increased risk of depression, although not all studies have confirmed this for the bullies. Retrospective studies among adults support the notion that victimization is followed by depression. Prospective follow-up studies have suggested both that victimization from bullying may be a risk factor for depression and that depression may predispose adolescents to bullying. Research among clinically referred adolescents is scarce but suggests that correlations between victimization from bullying and depression are likely to be similar in clinical and population samples. Adolescents who bully present with elevated numbers of psychiatric symptoms and psychiatric and social welfare treatment contacts.