The physical and chemical texture of tectonically deformed coals produced by various formational mechanisms are different from those of primary coals, thus resulting in major differences among the physical properties of the reservoirs of these coals. We have studied the adsorption/desorption behavior of tectonically deformed coals by the use of isothermal adsorption/desorption experiments under equilibrium moisture condition. Experiments of isothermal adsorption/desorption of methane or multi-component gases have indicated that, the adsorption curves of coals with a low degree of tectonic deformation conform to the type of isothermal adsorption curve described by the Langmuir equation; the methane adsorption curves of coals with strong tectonic deformation cannot be described by the Langmuir equation. The adsorption/desorption process of methane and multi-component gases in the deformed coals is not consistent with primary coals, which form an effect of hysteresis in different kinds of tectonically deformed coals. With the change of pore structure of tectonically deformed coals at reservoir condition, the added adsorbed CH4 in the experiments is desorbed on the pore surface of coals during the pressure reduction process. Thus, the result shows that the adsorption volume in the process of desorbing is greater than that in adsorbing. Because of the deformation, structural change, and transformation of the adsorption potential field of coals, it is essential to form a new kind of isothermal adsorption curve and the hysteresis effect of the desorption process.