this article aims to systematize conceptual aspects regarding the terms technology and technological innovation, highlighting the implications for the health sector. the text was composed supported on selected authors from the fields of philosophy and sociology, and sought to contribute to a critical view of technoscience, debating on the beneficence and maleficence. the text addresses the development of a culture that sees technologies and technological innovations as the only source of satisfaction, and highlights the influence and implications that technological innovations have on the health sector, in which material technologies stand out. furthermore, the text emphasizes on the need for a critical analysis of the phenomenon, using ethical criteria to avoid/minimize maleficence. the text concludes that the utilization of technologies should prioritize resolving the severe structural problems of humanity worldwide, thus contributing to making improvements in the health sector and to constructing a more dignified, fair, sympathetic, and sustainable society.