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Sweet pepper seed responses to inoculation with microorganisms and coating with micronutrients, aminoacids and plant growth regulators

DOI: 10.1590/S0103-90162009000300002

Keywords: capsicum annum, film coating, microbiolization.

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Abstract:

small sized seeds, such as the horticultural species, have limited quantities of reserves that can be balanced by coating then with essential nutrients for their initial development. in addition, inoculation of the seeds with microorganisms may protect the plants against phytopathogens, thus enhancing their growth. the present work had the objective of evaluate the physiological quality and seedling development of sweet pepper seeds and seedlings coated with several kind of films. seeds were first coated with polymers and then with antagonistic microorganisms (trichoderma viride, trichoderma polysporhum, trichoderma stromaticum, beauveria bassiana, metarhizium anisopliae), mycorrhizas, aminoacids, micronutrients and plant growth regulators. evaluation was performed for percentage of germination and for seedling emergence, speed of emergence index, number of plants, dry mass of the aerial and root parts and height of the seedlings. inoculation with trichoderma viride increased the percentage and rate of the seedlings emergence inoculation with trichoderma viride, metarhizium anisopliae and mycorrhizas promote better seedling development; seed microbiolization with microorganisms trichoderma viride, t. polysporhum, t. stromaticum, beauveria bassiana, metarhizium anisopliae. mycorrhizas mixture negatively affected seeds and seedling quality. seed covering with plant growht regulator, at a 5 ml kg-1 dose increased the roots dry matter.

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