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In vitro organogenesis in some citrus species

DOI: 10.1590/S0100-29452011005000050

Keywords: epicotyl segment, internodal segment, c. sinensis, c. limonia, c. volkameriana, c. aurantium.

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Abstract:

in vitro organogenesis of citrus was studied for the genotypes citrus sinensis cv. 'natal', c. limonia, c. volkameriana, and c. aurantium, with the use of epicotyl segments-derived explants, cultured in mt salts and vitamins medium supplemented with different concentrations of 6-benzylaminopurine (bap - 0.0; 0.5; 1.0; 1.5 or 2.0 mg l-1). for the recalcitrant genotypes c. limonia and c. aurantium the in vitro organogenesis was also studied with internodal segments-derived explants, cultured in mt salts and vitamins medium supplemented with 0; 0.5; 1.0; 2.0, or 4.0 mg l-1 of bap. the efficiency of culture medium supplementation with the combination of bap (0.0; 1.0, or 2.0 mg l-1) and naa (1-naphthaleneacetic acid - 0.0; 0.3, or 0.5 mg l-1) in the development of adventitious shoots was evaluated for c. aurantium. culture medium supplementation with bap is not essential for the adventitious shoots development in the four genotypes studied when epicotyl segments-derived explants are used. in general, culture media supplementation with bap decreased the percentage of responsive explants excepted for c. sinensis cv. 'natal' and c. limonia when the concentrations of 1.5 and 2.0 mg/l were used. the presence of cytokinin, in concentrations up to 2 mg/l, stimulated the in vitro organogenesis when internodal segments-derived explants were used for c. limonia and c. aurantium. for c. aurantium no adventitious shoots developed in explants (internodal segments) cultured in basal culture medium, without bap supplementation. although no statistic differences could be detected, culture media supplementation with the combination of bap and naa favored the development of adventitious shoots in c. aurantium. the best concentration of naa varied according to bap concentration. the results presented herein, show that citrus in vitro organogenesis depends on the interaction of culture medium composition, explant differentiation level, and genotype.

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