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Apr 17, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Occurrence of Important Viral and Bacterial Diseases in Poultry Flocks in District Khairpur Mir’s, Sindh, Pakistan

Rehana Aslam, Zaibun-Nisa Memon, Dilpat Rai Menghwar, Qalender Bux, Hakim Ali Keerio
The present study was conducted to determine the occurrence of two viral and one bacterial disease in four Tahsils of Khairpur District during June 2014-June 2015. The study was conduct on the clinical signs, symptoms and postmortem examination. The data were collected randomly; five farms were selected from Khairpur District. The results shows high mortality rate in all Tahsils were observed (1.17%) due to IBD from all Tahsils fo

Mar 26, 2018Open    AccessArticle

The Peripheral Hypotheses of Hypothalamic Aging

Zi-Jian Cai
It is well known that the hypothalamic changes in control of hormones determine the chronological sequence of aging in mammals. For decades, it has been demonstrated in humans that the hypothalamic nuclei manifest heterogeneity in degeneration during aging, with the neuron number decreasing in both the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) and the preoptic sexually dimorphic nucleus (SDN-POA) in the process of senescence, while the neuron

Mar 12, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Different Protocols of Physical Training: Effect on Markers of Oxidative Stress in Erythrocytes in Rats

Marcelo Costa-Junior, Wener Barbosa-Resende, Michel Barbosa de Araújo, Rodrigo Augusto Dalia, Leandro Pereira de Moura, Luciana Alves de Medeiros, Lucas Moreira Cunha, Eliete Luciano
The imbalance between oxidant molecules and antioxidant agents is characterized as oxidative stress (OS) and may lead to severe damage to the organism. In contrast, the physical training of aerobic and resistive character promotes increases of the antioxidant response, resulting in a balance and/or minimizing damage. Therefore, the objective of the study is to verify the effect of aerobic training, resistive training and concurren

Jan 29, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Risk Factors for Bruises and High Muscle pH in Lamb Carcasses of Tierra Del Fuego, Chilean Patagonia

Juan Antonio Tarumán, Juan Pablo Smulders, Carmen Beatriz Gallo
The aim of the study was to relate some pre-slaughter handling factors for lambs in a slaughterhouse, with the presence of bruises and high muscle pH in carcasses. Stocking density, transport distance and time, and type of slaughter (Conventional or Kosher) were registered in a sample of 1150 lambs that corresponded to 23 loads originated from different farms (Tierra del Fuego, Chilean Patagonia), distance and tim

Jun 27, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Pre-Weaning Morbidity and Mortality of Crossbred Calves in Bahir Dar Zuria and Gozamen Districts of Amhara Region, Northwest Ethiopia

Yeshwas Ferede, Hailu Mazengia, Tewodros Bimrew, Addisu Bitew, Mohammed Nega, Adebabay Kebede

A cross-sectional study was conducted from September 2009 to August 2010 with the objective of determining calf morbidity and mortality rates, to investigate the potential risk factors for mortality and morbidity and to determine the type and prevalence of major diseases of crossbred calves in Bahir Dar Zuria and Gozamen districts of Amhara Region. A total of 148 respondents engaged in small holder crossbred dairying were interviewed using a structured q