OALib 期刊
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Dec 26, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Coagulation Changes in Children with Sickle Cell Anaemia during Painful Crises and Steady State at Federal Medical Centre Abeokuta, Nigeria

Mukhtar Babajide Adebola, Durotoye Michael Olanrewaju, Morufat Mojisola Ogundeyi, Khadijah Bolanle Shonde-Adebola
Background: The pathophysiology of vaso-occlusive crises in sickle cell anaemia (SCA) is multifactorial and hypercoagulability is believed to play a role. The association between hypercoagulabilty and vaso-occlusive disease has been extensively studied in adult SCA patients, there is however paucity of data on the subject regarding paediatric SCA. Objective: This study set out to determine the presence of hypercoagulable states sp
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Oct 31, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Measurement and Correlates of Child Mortality in Yemen

Michele Romanello
Child mortality is one of the most important indicators of a country’s general medical and health quality, and subsequently, the country’s level of socio-economic development. Yemen is one of the poorest countries in the Middle East and North Africa region and has a low Human Development Index (HDI), presenting high rates of child mortality. The objective of this paper is to calculate the rate of infant mortality and child mortali
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Jan 22, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Hemorrhagic Syndrome in Infants

Olga B. Gordeeva, Victoria V. Botvinieva, Olga I. Simonova, Yulia V. Gorinova
Hemorrhagic syndrome is one of the actual problems of pediatrics. The development of this problem is associated with severe complications, serious health problems in infant. We review the questions of etiology, pathogenesis, clinical syndromes, differential diagnosis and treatment of hemorrhagic syndromes in infants. The authors present quantitative and qualitative differences in the system of plasma hemostasis in ne
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Nov 29, 2017Open    AccessArticle

A Comparison of Outcome of Age at Time Surgery between Younger and Older than 8 Years Old in Children with Congenital Muscular Torticollis

Nguyen Ngoc Hung, Le Tuan Anh
Objective: Comparing results between surgical techniques and age at the time of surgery, and the effectiveness of surgical release unipolar or bipolar or both the sternocleidomastoid muscle for congenital muscular torticollis. Methods: This study was a retrospective study of 44 cases with sternocleidomastoid muscle. Children had operated release at mean age: 6.2 years old, at Pediatric Orthopaedic Department of National Hospital f
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Jul 14, 2017Open    AccessArticle

Effect of Anthropometry and Dyslipidaemia on Birth Weight

Edward Delali Darku, Afu Clifford Jr., Martin Kwesi Darku
The period of pregnancy is a very important aspect of fetal growth and development. Maternal weight gain during pregnancy is associated with fetal macrosomia. Generally, delays in low maternal weight gain have been linked to limitations in fetal growth and development, and there is some evidence that low maternal weight gain is associated with an increased risk of pre-term delivery. Objective:
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Jun 30, 2017Open    AccessArticle

Left Ventricular Outflow Tract Obstruction after Ross-Konno Operation

Cenap Zeybek, Mustafa Kemal Avsar, Ozgür Yildirim, Mehmet Salih Bilal
INTRODUCTION: SAM (systolic anterior motion) is defined as the dynamic motion of the anterior mitral valve leaflet to the left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) during systole. In this study, we present a case which we encountered with significant left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO) related to SAM and developed after Ross-Konno operation. METHOD: A 4-month, 6.2 kg girl underwent
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Jun 28, 2017Open    AccessArticle

Epidemiological, Nutritional and Factors Associated with Infant Bronchiolitis in Hospitals: Case of the City of Lubumbashi (DR Congo)

Boniface Fievey Makam, Gray A. Wakamb Kanteng, Stanis Okitotsho Wembonyama, Oscar Numbi Luboya
Introduction: The objective of this study is to determine the incidence of acute bronchiolitis of infants in an urban area of the Democratic Republic of Congo to establish the epidemiological, clinical and nutritional profile of affected infants. Methodology: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in Lubumbashi (DR Congo) at three hospitals over a 2-year period from 2013 to 2014. A total of 321 acute bronchiolitis was c
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May 04, 2017Open    AccessArticle

Nutritional Status of Tuberculous Children Diagnosed and Treated in an Urban Area in DR Congo

Bafwafwa Ntumba Don Dieu, Kanteng A. Wakamb Gray, Mutombo Mulangu Augustin, Lukamba Mbuli Robert, Tshikamba Erick, Wembonyama Okitotsho Stanislas, Luboya Numbi Oscar
Introduction: Tuberculosis and malnutrition are major health problems in DR Congo, and children are particularly vulnerable. The objective of this study is to determine the incidence of malnutrition in tuberculous children in DR Congo and to identify the associated factors. Methodology: A cross sectional study was conducted, and concerned 22 Tuberculosis Diagnosis and Treatment Centers (TDTCs). It was carried out over a period fro
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Mar 28, 2017Open    AccessArticle

Frequency and Early Neonatal Mortality Related to Anomalies of Birth Weight and Gestational Age in Rural Areas: A Case of the General Reference Hospital of Lubao (Lomami Province, Democratic Republic of Congo)

Bukasa Héman Kabemba, Ebondo Patrick Kasendue, Muteba André Shiku, Nsomue Gentil Kabingie, Mposhi Djolin Ngiele, Tshite John Kitengie, Mulaba Gustave Ilunga, Kabiswe Joelle Pungue, Ebondo David Kalonda, Kabemba Pavlov Lukamba
Birth weight anomalies (Macrosomy and Dysmaturity) and gestational age (pre-mature and post-term) are a real public health problem, especially in resource-constrained countries. The newborn is exposed to great morbidity and mortality. This study aims to determine the frequency and early neonatal mortality related to anomalies in birth weight and gestational age in our environment. This is a retrospective and descriptive three-year
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Jan 22, 2017Open    AccessArticle

Incidence of Traumatic Injection Neuritis among Children <15 Years Old in Yemen

Abdulrahman Sallam Al-Kubati, Hadi Mohammed Mujlli, Zumurudah Taha Haroon
Background: Traumatic Injection Neuropathy (TIN) can occur because of unsafe intramuscular injection practices. TIN presents as acute peripheral neuropathy with flaccid paralysis of the injected limb within 24 hours after injection and is associated with pain and hypothermia in the affected limbs. This complication is of particular concern in countries with high rates of unnecessary injections. Objective: The main objectives were
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