The rational functions of
primitive art are considered in the article. The reconstruction of the
algorithm for the creation and use of petroglyphs as a marking of solar
calendars and sundials with the help of an ancient astronomical
instrument-gnomon is proposed. Standard
geographic methods and observations of the shadow of objects were used in the
study. To calculate the shadow charts, the basic trigonometric function and the
astrocalculator were used. According to the results of the study, the following
conclusions have been formulated: 1. The basis for constructing images is made
up of graphic signs that reflect the movements of light; 2. The tool for
marking the drawings could be a shadow of vertical objects and a rope; 3. To
create the calendar, the most stable natural material-stone-was used, as well
as noticeable elements of its heterogeneity-cracks and forms of relief.
Cite this paper
Paranina, A. N. and Paranin, R. V. (2017). Primary Navigation Purpose of Petroglyphs: Reconstruction on the Basis of the Gnomon. Open Access Library Journal, 4, e3811. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/oalib.1103811.
Paranin, R.V. and Paranina, G.N. (2009) Labyrinth: Orientation in the Geographical Space and Evolution of the Sign. Geo-Cultural Space of the European North: Genesis, the Structure-ra, Semantics. IV Pomor Readings оn Semiotics of Culture, Arkhangelsk, 7-11 July 2008, 516-518.
Paranina, G.N. and Paranin, R.V. (2009) Northern Labyrinths as Astronomical Instruments in Correlation with Samples of My-thology and Symbols of Culture. The Society. Wednesday. Development, 13, 120-134.
Paranin, R. and Paranina, A.N. (2011) The Ancient Signs of the Ecological Culture of the North. Ecology—2011: Proceedings of the IV International Youth Scientific Conference, Arkhangelsk, 6-11 June 2011, 267-269.