determine health seeking behaviour in relation to non-orthodox eye medication
use among patients attending a primary eye health center in Nigeria. Materials
and Methods: It was a cross-sectional study of consecutive respondents.
Participants’ socio-demographic profile, types and pattern of harmful
traditional eye medications (HTEMs) use were obtained using a pre-tested
questionnaire. Data analysis was by SPSS version 20.0. Results: Of the 303
patients enrolled in the study, 153 (50.5%) were males and 150 (49.5%) were
females. The age range was from 13 years old to 94 years old with a mean of
53.8 ± 17.05 years old. Majority of the subjects (74.3%) used orthodox medical
outfits for their eye care needs. The prevalence of use of HTEMs was 11.9%.
Common forms of TEMs used were herbs 24 (66.7%), sugar water 3 (8.3%), breast
milk 3 (8.3%) and onions 6 (16.7%). There was statistically significant association
between age and use of HTEMs (p = 604.27,X2=<
0.001, 95% CI = 0.000 - 0.010), and health seeking behaviour (p = 808.70, X2=< 0.001, 95% CI = 0.000 - 0.010). Conclusion:
Eye care providers and health care managers must have good knowledge of the
various factors that negatively influence utilization of eye care services and
be responsive to them.
Cite this paper
Megbelayin, E. O. and Babalola, Y. O. (2015). Health Seeking Behaviours of Patients Attending Primary Eye Care Centre in Nigeria. Open Access Library Journal, 2, e1489. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/oalib.1101489.
McCarty, C.A. and Taylor, H.R. (2002) Utilization of Eye Care Services by Urban and Rural
Australia. British Journal of Ophthalmology, 86, 24-27. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjo.86.1.24
Omotoye, J.O., Onakpoya, O.H., Ajayi, A.I., Ajayi, A.E. and Ajite, K.O.
(2013). Bilateral Blindness: Prevalence
and Their Utilization of Existing Eye Care Facilities in a Nigerian Rural
Community. IOSR Journal of Dental and Medical Sciences, 9, 54-59. http://dx.doi.org/10.9790/0853-0925459
Eze, B.I., Chuka-Okosa, C.M. and Uche, J.N. (2009) Traditional Eye Medicine Use by Newly
Presenting Ophthalmic Patients to a Teaching Hospital in South-Eastern Nigeria: Socio-Demographic and Clinical Correlates. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine,9, 40.
Hubley, J. and Gilbert, C. (2006) Eye Health Promotion
and the Prevention of Blindness in Developing Countries: Critical Issues. British Journal of Ophthalmology, 90, 279-284. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjo.2005.078451
Prajna, N.V., Pillai, M.R., Manimegalai, T.K. and Srinivasan, M. (1999) Use of Traditional Eye Medicines by Corneal
Ulcer Patients Presenting to a Hospital in South India. Indian Journal of Ophthalmology, 47, 15-18.
Courtright, P., Lewallen, S., Kanjaloti, S.
and Divala, D.J. (1994) Traditional Eye Medicine Use among
Patients with Corneal Disease in Rural Malawi. British Journal of Ophthalmology, 78, 810-812. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjo.78.11.810
Bialasiewicz, A., Shenoy, R., Thakral, A., Al-Muniri, A.A., Shenoy, U.
and Al-Mughari, Z. (2006) Microbial Keratitis: A 4 Year Study of Risk Factors
and Traditional/Complementary Medicine in Oman. Der Ophthalmologe, 103, 682-687. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00347-006-1363-2
Thomas, R. and Roa, G.N. (2007) Barriers to Accessing Eye Care Services among
Visually Impaired Populations in Rural Andhra Pradesh, South India. Indian Journal of Ophthalmology, 55, 365-371. http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0301-4738.33823
Etya’ale, D., Kocur, I., Pararajasegaram,
R., Pokharel, G.P. and Mariotti, S.P. (2004) Global Data on Visual Impairment in the Year 2002. Bulletin
of the World Health Organization, 82, 844-851.
Clendenin, C., CoVey, M., Marsh, M.
and West, S. (1997) Eye
Care Utilization Patterns in a Rural County in Ireland: Implications for
Service Delivery. British
Journal of Ophthalmology, 81, 972-975. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjo.81.11.972